Solapur lies very close to the seismically active zone around Killari, latur District, about 100 km (62 mi) east of the city. Civic administration edit kambar Talav (lake also known as Sambhaji talav (lake) The civic administration of the city is managed by the solapur Municipal Corporation, which was established on the maharashtra day of in the building constructed by mallappa warad in 1930. The corporation oversees the engineering works, health, sanitation, water supply, administration and taxation in the city. 62 It is headed by a mayor who is assisted by municipal commissioner and elected representatives. The city is divided into 135 wards and 6 zones. The corporation members also known as corporators are elected by the citizens of Solapur every five years. The corporators, in turn, elect the mayor. Its activities include developing new layouts and roads, town-planning and land-acquisition.
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Solapur is situated on the deccan plateau. Solapur falls under the category of dry (arid and semiarid) climate according to the köppen climate classification. The city experiences three distinct seasons: summer, monsoon involved and winter. Typical summer months are from March to may, with maximum temperatures ranging from 30 to 45 C (86 to 113 F). The warmest months in Solapur are April and may. The typical maximum temperatures being 40 C (104 F) or more. The highest temperature ever recorded.0 C (114.8 F) in may 1988. 60 Although summer does not end until may or even the midst of June, the city often receives locally developed heavy thundershowers in may (although humidity remains high). The monsoon lasts from June to the end of September, with moderate rainfall. The city of Solapur receives an average rainfall of 545 mm (21.5 in) per year. 61 Winter begins in november and lasts until the end of February, with the temperatures occasionally dropping below 10 C (50 F).
Islam is the second most popular religion, with approximately.64 following. Buddhism.62 jainism.00, Christianity.73, others, no religion and not stated.28. 58 geography and climate edit Climate data for Solapur Month Jan Feb Mar Apr may jun Jul Aug Sep Oct nov dec year Record high C (F).7 (98.1).4 (102.9).9 (111).7 (112.5).0 (114.8).6 (114.1).9 (102).0 (104).2 (99). It has an average elevation of 458 metres (1502 feet). It is bordered by Ahmednagar district on the north; Osmanabad district on the north and northeast. Gulbarga district on the southeast and Bijapur Districts on the south of Karnataka state, sangli district on the south and southwest; Satara district on the west, and Pune district on the northwest. It is situated at a distance of 410 km (250 mi) general from the maharashtra State capital of Mumbai by road and train. Solapur is at a distance of 245 km (152 mi) from Pune and 305 km (190 mi) from Hyderabad.
Navratri is another big festival in Solapur. It is celebrated at Rupabhawani temple located at Tuljapur road. People visit the temple to worship Goddess Rupabhawani for nine days in navratri. Demographics edit As per 2011 census of Solapur city 57 and as per provisional reports of the census of India, the population of Solapur in 2011 was 951,118, of whom av were male and 468,924 were female. Solapur's population, with the inclusion of its suburbs, increased to 1,250,000 reorganized in 2012. In 2011, the total literates in Solapur city are 710,180 of whom 390,335 are males while 319,845 are females. The average literacy resumes rate of Solapur city.88 percent of which male and female literacy was.31 and.30 percent respectively. Hinduism is the majority religion in Solapur city with.73 followers.
How ever Kannada is the main Language to communication and Official Language is Marathi. The festival of makar Sankranti is one of the largest festivals celebrated by the lingayat community in Solapur. Gadda yatra is another important part of this festival. It is a fair which is organized on Hom maidan. Along with makar Sankranti people also celebrate Shiv jayanti,. Ambedkar jayanti, gudipadwa, diwali, ganesh Chaturthi and some more. People also celebrate national festivals.
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During the Indian independence movement, the people of Solapur enjoyed full freedom on 952 However, this resulted in the executions of Mallappa Dhanshetti, abdul Rasool Qurban Hussein, jagannath Bhagwan Shinde and Shrikisan Laxminarayan Sarada, who were hanged on, in the prison at Pune. This resulted in the city becoming recognized as "The city of Hutatmas" literally "The city of Martyrs". 53 Tehsils of Solapur District. The north and south tehsils forms the city There is also one and of the oldest Ganesh temples, Ajoba ganpati temple, which started celebrating the ganesh festival in 1885. Toponomy edit The inscriptions of chief deity of Solapur Shivyogi Shri. Siddheshwar of the time of the kalachuri (Basavakalyan) suggest that the town was called "Sonnalage" which came to be pronounced as "Sonnalagi". 54 a sanskrit inscription dated Shake 1238, after the downfall of the yadavas found at Kamati in Mohol shows that the town was known as Sonalipur.
One of the inscriptions found in Solapur fort shows that the town was called Sonalpur. 55 It was the main commercial hub of the devagiri yadavas and an important trading city. The town was known as Sonnalagi even up to the times of the yadavas of devagiri. Culture edit solapur is a city with multi-linguistic and multi-cultural features. 56 Solapur has a mixture of Marathi and Kannada speakers.
Solapur, barshi, mohol, madha and Karmala and two subdivisions of Satara district viz. Pandharpur, sangola and in 1875 Malshiras Sub-division was also attached. 48 After the State reorganisation in 1956 Solapur was included in Bombay state and it became a full-fledged district of Maharashtra State in 1960. 49 The municipal corporation building was built by rao saheb Mallappa warad. 50 he was also one of the first to bring the farming tractor to India.
It was his wish that the building should be used for some public purpose and thus the building was made the municipal council. The building is also called Indra Bhawan which means 'Abode of Indra' ( Lord Indra ). 51 Mallappa warad was also one of the ten members of 'Chamber of Merchants' under queen Victoria. The solapur Municipal council was the first municipal council to hoist the indian national flag on the municipal council building in 1930. Taking the spirit of Dandi march from Mahatma gandhi, the freedom fighters of Solapur hoisted the national Flag on on the municipal council building. This was the first and the unique incidence of such kind throughout the country.
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A sanskrit inscription dated ( Sanskrit : ) śakē 1238, after the downfall of the yadavas found at Kamati in Mohol shows that the town was book known as Sonalipur. 46 One of the inscriptions found in Solapur fort shows that the town was called Sonalpur while another inscription on the well in the fort shows that it was known as Sandalpur. Subsequently, the British rulers pronounced Solapur as Sholapur and hence the name of the district. 47 The present Solapur district was previously part of Ahmednagar, pune and Satara districts. In 1838 it became the sub-district of Ahmednagar. It included Barshi, mohol, madha, karmala, indi, hippargi and Muddebihal Sub-divisions. In 1864 online this Sub-district was abolished. In 1871 this district was reformed joining the sub-divisions viz.
39 40 In 1992, the solapur Municipal Corporation extended its area up to 300 square kilometres (120 sq mi) by merging its suburbs. 41 Contents Etymology and history edit ddheshwar Temple during the makar sankranti The solapur District was ruled by various dynasties such as Andhrabhratyas, Chalukyas, rashtrakutas, yadavas and Bahamanis. 'solapur' spelled in ( Marathi : is believed to be derived from the combination of two words: 'sola meaning "sixteen" and pur meaning "village". The present city of Solapur was considered to be spread over sixteen villages viz. Aadilpur, Ahmedpur, Chapaldev, fatehpur, jamdarwadi, kalajapur, Khadarpur, Khandervkiwadi, muhammadpur, ranapur, sandalpur, Shaikpur, solapur, sonallagi, sonapur and vaidakwadi and all these villages are now merged with Solapur Municipal Corporation. 45 It is evident help from the inscriptions of Shivayogi lord Siddheshwar of the time of the kalachuristis of Kalyani, that the town was called 'sonnalage' which came to be pronounced as 'sonnalagi'. The town was known as Sonnalagi even up to the times of Yadavas.
largest spinning mill. 21 The national Research Centre on Pomegranate (nrcp) of India is located in Solapur. And pomegranate farming is done on a large scale in Solapur District. 25 The Science centre in Kegaon (Solapur) is the third largest and prominent scientific association in Maharashtra. 26 27 The raichur -solapur Power Transmission line of 765 kv power capacity suffices the power grid accessing need of the southern states of Karanataka and Andhra Pradesh. The first waste-to-energy electricity plant in Maharashtra is situated in Solapur. The Gramadevata (Chief deity) of the city is Shri Shivyogi siddheshwar. 37 38 The "Nandidhwaj" procession on the hindu festival of makar Sankranti and on account of it an annual fair locally known as Gadda yatra attracts large crowds and is associated with the marriage of Lord Siddheshwar.
It is classified as a 2 tier and B-2 class city by house rent Allowance (HRA) classification by the. 10, it is the 49th most populous city. India and the 43rd largest urban agglomeration. 11, solapur district has the highest number of sugar factories (total 33). Maharashtra state as well as in India. 12 13, solapur leads Maharashtra in production of Indian database cigarettes or beedi. 14 15, solapuri Chadars and towels are famous in India and also at a global level, 16 17 however there has been a significant decline in their exports due to quality reasons.
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This article is about the city. For the larger government district, see. City in Western India, india, solapur (IPA: Sōlāpūr ) ( pronunciation ) is a city located in the south-western region of the. Indian state of, daddy maharashtra. 7 8, solapur is located on major road and rail routes between. Mumbai and, hyderabad, with a branch line to the cities. Bijapur and, gadag in the neighbouring state of, karnataka.